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Experiencing Winter on the Susquehanna Greenway image
January 24, 2023
Experiencing Winter on the Susquehanna Greenway
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Susquehanna Greenway Partnership Shares Tips for Winter Fun along the River

For many along the Susquehanna Greenway and NEPA, winter signals the end of the outdoor season. It’s typically a time to hang up your hiking boots, grab your blanket, and settle in for a long winter’s nap until the milder days of spring. Yet, for those willing to bundle up and venture outdoors, nature’s splendor can still be found even on the coldest of days.

Whether scurrying among the treetops, swimming below the ice, or popping out from under the snow, an unexpected array of critters can be found in winter along the Susquehanna Greenway. All it takes is a warm coat, a sense of adventure, and the patience to look and listen.


Season for Songbirds


Photo Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership


While many of our summer favorites have migrated south, winter and early spring are ideal times to go birding. Thanks, in large part, to the absence of foliage blocking your view. The bright red plumage of northern cardinal or light grey feathers of the Dark-eyed Junco, two of the most common winter birds in PA, stand out among the bare background.

Second, identification is much easier as the confusion that can occur with similar looking species is eliminated due to their range. For example, Wood Thrushes and Hermit Thrushes can look similar and often confuse birders; however, Wood Thrushes spend their winters in tropical and subtropical regions far from our region.

For some species, such as American Tree Sparrows and Snow Buntings, winter is the only time of year to find them. So, keep those eyes and ears alert on your next outdoor adventure. Your senses are your best tools for birding, but a pair of binoculars can also come in handy.


Owl Prowls


Photo Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership


The short daylight hours during the winter may limit our opportunities to see nature, but we can still use our ears! Listening carefully makes owl prowls the perfect nighttime nature activity. Two species, the Barred Owl and Great Horned Owl are year-round residents of the Greenway and both breed in the winter.

When walking through the woods on a cold winter evening you may hear the Barred Owl’s “who cooks for you, who cooks for you all” or the Great Horned Owl’s haunting “who’s awake, me too.” These birds have been seen and heard throughout the Susquehanna Greenway and NEPA.


Tracking Mammals


Photo Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership


Many mammals are active in the Greenway throughout the year. Winter is generally very wet, which makes great conditions for spotting muddy tracks. Plus, when a storm brings heavy snow falls, finding the tracks that these critters leave behind is made all the easier. These clues will give you the opportunity to play detective in the woods. You can even use the series of tracks to tell a story about the animal.

Gray squirrels, cottontail rabbits, coyotes, red foxes, and beavers are active year-round. In addition to snow tracks, you can find other evidence such as trees felled by a beaver and scat left behind by a squirrel. And, as always, stop and listen! You just might be able to hear the call of a coyote.


Inspecting Insects


Photo Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership


Insects? In winter? It’s true! While pesky mosquitos and gnats are no longer swarming, you can still find interesting insects, especially during a warm winter thaw. Winter Stoneflies are one of the few insects that mate during the winter. And you might see them crawling atop the ice if you’re hiking anywhere near the Susquehanna River.


Mushroom Mastery


Photo Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership


Most of the fungi in our region make an annual appearance in the warm seasons. They typically leave late summer and fall for mushroom lovers to enjoy their favorites. Never fear! If you venture out into the woods during a mid-winter thaw, you can still enjoy the miracles of fungi.

Most soft, fleshy mushrooms wilt and rot away quickly in the winter. Some woody, shelflike conks, such as the Artist’s Conk, are perennial, meaning they grow year after year. True to its name, the pores on the underside of the Artist Conk bruise brown, essentially turning it into a canvas you can etch your artwork into.

On your travels, you may also find the supermarket favorite, Oyster Mushroom. And keep an eye out for the beautiful, multi-colored layers of Turkey Tail. Of course, there’s the one winter resident that only appears from fall to spring, the Velvet Foot Mushroom.

Don’t let the cold keep you from enjoying the unique natural wonders of winter.

Every season has something special to offer the outdoor enthusiast. Winter in NEPA is a great time to spot new species. It’s also an opportunity to see how familiar critters behave, adapt, and survive at different times of the year. No need to hibernate this season. Get outside and explore all the Greenway and NEPA have to offer!


Locations to Explore this Winter


Susquehanna Riverlands, Berwick, PA


The Susquehanna Greenway and NEPA are home plenty of fantastic parks and trails that offer great opportunities for enjoying the outdoors year-round. Here are just a few recommendations. Be sure to dress appropriately and check the weather before any outdoor adventure.

Tunkhannock Riverside Park — Looking out on the stunning Endless Mountains, Tunkhannock Riverside Park is situated on the banks of the Susquehanna River and is a great spot to look for evidence of critters along the muddy riverbanks. Learn More >

Luzerne County Rail Trail — This level 1.9-mile rail trail in Pittston is a great place to experience views of the Susquehanna River during any wintertime jaunt. Learn More >

Nesbitt Park — Nesbitt Park is a family-friendly, open space in Kingston that is often host to events and is great for a variety of activities, including disc golf course and access to the Susquehanna River. Learn More >

Mocanaqua Trail — For a more vigorous adventure, the Mocanaqua Trail offers an extensive hiking network with stunning Susquehanna views and ruins that harken back to its coal mining history. Learn More >

Susquehanna Warrior Trail — This 12.5-mile trail located in Luzerne County is nestled in the beautiful valley of the five mountains. Running right along the Susquehanna River, this trail makes for a great cross-country ski location when the weather allows. Learn More >

Susquehanna Riverlands — The Susquehanna Riverlands is a 1,200-acre, recreation park and wildlife area near Berwick. The area is listed as an Important Bird Area by the National Audubon Society, featuring over 230 species of birds, and is a site on the Pennsylvania Birding and Wildlife Trail. Learn More >


Featured Image (Top) Courtesy of Susquehanna Greenway Partnership.